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Daily Tours - Cairo 1

Daily Tours - Cairo 1

City : Cairo

 

 

 

Full Day Pyramids , Sphinx , Memphis & Sakkara

Your guide for the day will pick you up and begin your tour in Giza to visit the legendary majestic Pyramids of Cheops, Chefren and Mycerinus - also known as the Great Pyramids of Giza. You will see firsthand why these spectacular man-made monuments are known as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. While visiting the Pyramids, you can ride a camel and capture your experience in a photograph! When we finish exploring the Great Pyramids .our next stop is a visit to the Sphinx; guarding the royal burial chambers.After finishing the visit of Giza plateau, we take you to visit the papyrus galleries, Gold & Natural perfumes shops.

A twenty -minute drive from the Pyramids on the edge of the desert, located the site of the ancient burial city of Memphis“City of the God Ptah” and the capital of the oldest kingdom in the world. Little remains of  Memphis,few temple ruins, an alabaster Sphinx and large statue of Ramses II. A few miles further on bring you to Saqqara, where you can enjoy (the step Pyramid of King Zoser which is reputed to be the oldest pyramid in Egypt, the Mastaba Tomb of Ti, Tomb of PtahHotep, the Serapeum and the Pyramid of Sekhemkhet), Really it is a fine example of an Old Kingdom tombs.

The Great Sphinx

The Great Sphinx, or as the ancients knew it, “Shesib Ankh” or “the living image”, has to be one of the most recognizable constructions in history. Think of the Sphinx and you automatically think of Egypt and the Giza Plateau.
Sculpted from soft sandstone, many believe that it would have disappeared long ago had it not been buried in the sand for so many long periods in its lifetime. The body is 60m (200ft) long and 20m (65ft) tall. Its face is 4m (13ft) wide with eyes measuring 2m (6 ft) high. It faces the rising sun, and was revered so much by the ancients, that they built a temple in front of it.
 The 18th Dynasty King, Thutmose IV installed a stele between its front paws, describing how, when Thutmose was a young Prince, he had gone hunting and fell asleep in the shade of the Sphinx ‘s head. Thutmose had a dream where Ra Hor-Akhty the sun God, talking through the Sphinx, spoke to him, telling the young Prince to clear away the sand because the Sphinx was choking on it. The Sphinx said to him that if he did this, he would become King of Egypt.

Thutmose cleared away all the sand and s after 2 years, the god fulfilled his promise to the price and he was made king of Egypt
Today, part of the “uraeus” (the sacred cobra at the forehead), and the nose are missing (not shot off by Napoleon’s men as many believe, but were destroyed by Muhammad Sa'im Al-Dahr, a Sufi fanatic from the Khanqah of Sa'id Al-Su'ada. In 1378, upon finding the Egyptian peasants making offerings to the Sphinx in the hope of increasing their harvest, Sa'im Al-Dahr was so outraged that he destroyed the nose!). There are parts of a beard in the Cairo and British Museum in London which reputedly belong to the Sphinx, but many Egyptologists deny this, as the style of beard found, does not relate to the “names” that The Sphinx wears – different Dynasties!
Because of the soft sandstone, the Sphinx has been repaired many times; sometimes the repairs causing even more damage! Also, due to the wind, humidity, and pollution from modern Cairo, its condition is still deteriorating, and the present renovations are a never-ending task.

The Great Pyramid:

The three pyramids of Giza are the last remaining of “The 7 wonders of the ancient world!” 4500 years old and still standing majestically on a desert plateau. The Sphinx, lying at the foot of the Pyramid of Chephren, was carved to have the body of a lion with a human head.

Khufu 

This pyramid is thought to have been built between 2589 - 2566 BC. It would have taken over 2,300,000 blocks of stone with an average weight of 2.5 tons each. The total weight would have been 6,000,000 ton and a height of 482 feet (140m). It is the largest and the oldest of the Pyramids of Giza.
At the base of the south face of the Great Pyramid, sits the Boat Pits and Museum. The five boat pits were discovered in 1982. One boat is located at the site and can be seen at the museum. The boat, which is encased in the stones, has no nails. It was held together with ropes and pegs, but not nails, and is amazingly intact. The purpose of these boats may have been intended for travel to the after-life or to accompany the Sun-God on his journey.

Chephren Pyramid :
The Pyramid of Chephren, often called the "Second Pyramid", is built next to the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops). There is no evidence that anyone was ever buried in the main chamber. No inscriptions have been found in the pyramid; however there is a sarcophagus in the main chamber. There are two entrances that lead into the pyramid which are placed one directly above the other. The top of the pyramid still has some of the limestone casing that once covered the whole pyramid. There may have been a change in the method of positioning the blocks that has kept these pieces still intact. It gives the appearance of a white cap on top of the pyramid. A causeway that connected the Mortuary Temple to the Valley Temple is better preserved than any other causeway.
 


The Pyramid of Menkaure'
The Pyramid of Menkaure' (Mycerinus) is the smallest of the three pyramids of Giza and shows the beginning of the decline in workmanship in the Egyptian pyramid building. Menkaure' was the successor to Chephren. The pyramid was not complete when Menkaure' died. Shepseskaf, who was Menkaure's son, finished the pyramid. The granite encasement was never finished. The pyramid stands 66.5m high, which is much smaller than the other two pyramids at Giza. Another difference between Menkaure's and Chephren's and Khufu's pyramid is that Menkaure's burial chamber was the lower chamber. The walls were lined with granite and below the pyramid's foundation.  

Memphis

The Name we use today derives from the Pyramid of Pepy I at Saqqara, Mennufer which means (the good place), or in Coptic Menfe, Memphis is the Greek translation. But the City was originally Ineb-Hedj, meaning "The White Wall". Some sources indicate that other versions of the name may have even translated to our modern name for the country, Egypt. During the Middle Kingdom, it was Ankh-Tawy, or "That Which Binds the Two Lands". In fact, its location lies approximately between Upper and Lower Egypt, and the importance of the area is demonstrated by its persistent tendency to be the Capital of Egypt, as Cairo just to the North is today.

Tradition tells us that Menes founded the city by creating dikes to protect the area from Nile floods. Afterwards, this great city of the Old Kingdom became the administrative and religious center of Egypt. In fact, so dominating is the city during this era that we refer to it as the Memphite period.  It became a cosmopolitan community and was probably one of the largest and most important cities in the ancient world. When Herodotus visited the city in the 5th century BC, a period when Persians ruled Egypt, he found many Greeks, Jews, Phoenicians and Libyans among the population

Sakkara

Sakkara (Saqqara)  is one of the most extensive archaeological sites in Egypt! It was the cemetery for Memphis, the capital of Ancient Egypt, yet it is still one of the virgin archaeological sites, despite the fact that so much has already been found here ,The site is dominated by the Step Pyramid of King Zoser, which goes back to 2700 BC. It is one of the oldest stone structures in the world!
Sakkara is also the site of many tombs from the 1st and 2nd Dynasties. Most are made out of mud bricks, but some tombs are made of limestone, decorated with daily life scenes. When you are at Sakkara, you will notice that it is divided into:

 Southern Sakkara, which is dominated by the step Pyramid.
Northern Sakkara, which is dominated by the Pyramid of King Titi, and Mastaba tombs of the old kingdom
.