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Holy Trip

Holy Trip

The journey was started by the Holy Family, including Joseph the carpenter, the Virgin Mary and her Child; the Christ, in fulfillment of the Divine Order to leave Palestine for Egypt, the land of safety and security. According to Matthew, "Now when they had departed, behold an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said 'Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you.' Matthew 2- 13

The Lord Jesus Christ was born at Bethlehem in Palestine in the days of hero the king, and after the coming of the wise men from the East to see Jesus and their departure, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, "Arise, take the young Child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there until I bring you word; for Herod will seek the young Child to destroy Him. "When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt." Matthew 2:13-14

Already, Egypt had hosted lots of prophets like Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the tribes of the Israelites, Moses the prophet and Jeremiah the prophet, but the greatest blessing, which Egypt received, was when the Lord Jesus came to Egypt with his mother the Holy Virgin Mary and stayed in it.

The Holy Family traversed the desert of Sinai to Egypt:
Probably the Holy Family departed from Bethlehem to Gaza, and from Gaza to Rafah, then to el Arish until they reached the town of El Farama, then they moved to Tel-Bastah near the city of Zagazig.

 

The Holy Family at the district of Old Cairo

The Holy Family moved from the district of harat Zuwaila to the district of Old Cairo, which is considered one of the important districts ,And halts where the Holy Family rested during their visit to the land of Egypt There are several churches and convents. The Holy Family blessed the site and they stayed there for a while we are going to mention the most important places where the Holy Family stayed at the district of Old Cairo and the churches of that district.

The Church of the Fortress of Babylon at Old Cairo:

1-  The Church of the Virgin (the Suspending Church known as: Al­ Muallaqah:

The church of St Mary the Virgin (AI-Muallaqah) at Old Cairo is considered the oldest of the churches of The Fortress of Babylon. It was known by the hanging church (AI-Muallaqah) because it was built on the roof of two big towers of the Roman fortress.

In order to reach that church one has to come up the staircase near one of those towers, the middle of three towers near the southern part of the fortress. In front of the mentioned stair case There is a rectangular yard, where tall palm trees grow inside, as if it were a huge stony flowerpot The building of the hanging church goes back to the first centuries, and was mostly one of the first churches in the world where the Christians he'd their religious ceremonies

 

2-The Church of St. Sergius (Abu Sergah):

This church is at the middle of Qasr Al-Shame (Wax Museum) or the Roman Fortress beside the Coptic Museum
To reach that church by descending a low staircase, lower than the ground level, then through a narrow passageway According to tradition, this church was established on the cavern where the Holy Family sheltered, and it is now considered one of its important parts of the building and it is just beneath the altar and it is called the cavern This has given it its world fame, and which made the visitors, visit the church from all parts of the world to receive its blessings

 

3-The Church of St. Barbara of Old Cairo.

 

This church is considered the twin church of St. Sergius (Abu Sergah) for they are alike in their design and drawings this church is sited on the eastern part of Babylon Fortress and near the Roman Wall. The visitor can reach the place from the street of the Jewish Synagogue at Old Cairo It is near St Sergius church (Abu Scrgah) and it is said that its construction went back to the fifth century. This church and the church of St Sergius both suffered damage and destruction in the tenth century and it was rebuilt by one of the Coptic ministers, Yohanna ibn EI-Abah during the Fatimides era

4-The Church of St. George at Old Cairo qasr Al-Shame).'

 

The Arab Muslim historian Taki El-Din EI-Maqrizi narrated that it was one of the most beautiful Coptic churches inside Qasr Al-Shame. It was said that it was built in the seventh century, nearly in the year 684 by a certain rich Copt, who was called Athanasius The church was ruined and the existing church was built on its ruins and the church was built according to the basilica style

5-  The Church of the Holy Virgin. The Pot of Basil (AI-Adra Oasrival Al Rihan)

:

That church was called the church of the Holy Virgin, the Pot of Basil
The cause of this name was that the Holy Virgin is likened to the pot of Basil.
The basil is a plant, which has a sweet smelling perfume. It may also be a description for the purity of the pot which the Godly Child carne from. It is near the church of St. George and inside the walls of the Fortress of Babylon. The old church was burnt and a new church was built beside the old site.

6-The Nuns-Convent of St. George (Dair Mari Girgis leE - Rahibat at Old Cairo):

It is an ancient convent on the way to St. Sergius (Abu Sergah) church and inside that convent there is a huge shrine dated back to the tenth century, and its gate is about seven meters high.

7- The Fortress of Babylon. The Coptic Museum and St. George Roman Orthodox Church at Old Cairo:

The remaining part of the Fortress of Babylon at Old Cairo, on the subway metro railway (El Marg-Helwan) and the stop is named after the name of St George (Mar Girgis Stop). The Coptic Museum was built inside the Fortress of Babylon at Old Cairo It was said that this fortress was built by Trajan in the year 98 A~D near the river Nile. The entrance of the Coptic Museum is On the western gate of the fortress, which was sited between two towers; one of which could be seen nowadays; (to the right of the visitor) and the other where St George Roman Orthodox church lies. The river Nile used to run under the walls of that part of the fortress, and it was said that there was once a harbor where the ships used to anchor.

 The Holy Family leaves Old Cairo to EI-Maadi district:

The Holy Family left Old Cairo towards the south, where they reached El Maadi district. Here lays a beautiful church built after the flame of St Mary also known as El-Adawiya From that same place the Holy Family sailed up the river Nile to Upper Egypt.

The Church of St. Virgin Mary at EI-Maadi known as AI-Adra El­ Adawia~.

 

It is sited on the river Nile shore, a distinguished beautifully site at El­ Maadi district to the south of Old Cairo.
The Holy Family moved to the south in a boat on the River Nile at a place where the church of St Mary now lies at Maadi. That church is visited every year by a great number of tourists and citizens to receive its blessings One of the strange incidents which happened at that church was that on Friday the third of Paramhat - the twelfth of March 1976 those who attended the Holy Mass, on their going out of the church and while they were still at the outside yard on the Nile shore, they saw a big open book on the surface of the water going up and down Taken out of the water (from an ancient staircase), it was find to be a copy of the Holy Bible, and it was opened on the book of Isaiah, chapter 19, on the verse of "Blessed is Egypt My People" Isaiah 19:25 This Holy Bible is exhibited in a glass closet opened on the same page it was found opened upon on the Nile  chapter 19 of Isaiah the verse In which God blessed the people of Egypt.  Many visitors go to this church to see the book this may be a sign that the Holy Family had passed by that place of the church The Holy Family traveled in a boat on the Nile from this place towards the south (Upper Egypt).